What States Are in The Northeast USA?

According to the US census of 2020, nine states make up the Northeast region: Maine, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, and Rhode Island. 

Bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Great Lakes states to the west, the Northeast region of the USA makes up only 5% of the total landmass of the United States. 

But looking at population, more than 57 million people (17% of the total population) live in that small area. The Northeast is the most densely populated region in the country with 350 people per square mile.

Let’s get to know the Northeast region better, and go beyond the question, what states are the Northeast?, by learning a little more about all 9 Northeast USA states.

Map of the Northeast States

You can see all 9 Northeast States in this map in red:

Map of USA showing the 9 states that are the Northeast region
Map created with mapchart.net

Let’s learn a little more about the states that are part of the Northeast, starting with one of the smallest ones:

the 9 States that Are the Northeast

1. Connecticut

The Connecticut State Capitol during autumn season

Landmark

One of the best places to visit in Connecticut is East Rock Park. If you’re on the edge of East Rock Park, you’ll be able to see New Haven, New Haven Harbor, and Long Island Sound.

Historical Fact

Connecticut’s official nickname is the “Constitution State,” and it was the 5th state to join the U.S. on January 9th, 1788. 

Economic Fact

Connecticut has one of the biggest gaps between the poor and rich in the U.S. 

2. Maine

Aerial view of Portland Maine Downtown

Landmark

Cadillac Mountain is located in Acadia National Park, and it’s the first place to see sunlight in the U.S. from around October 5 to March 5.

Historical Fact

At some point, Maine was part of Massachusetts, becoming its own state in 1820, and was the 23rd state to join the U.S., though its northern borders weren’t finalized until the year 1842.

Economic Fact

Maine’s economy is mainly based on dairying, poultry raising, and egg production.

3. Massachusetts

View of the skyline in Boston Massachusetts

Landmark

The Museum of the Fine Arts was founded in 1870, in Boston. It was built on the historical homelands of the people of Massachusetts, a place that has been used for a long time as a meeting place between different nations.

Historical Fact

It was in Boston that the first telephone call was made when Alexander Graham Bell called his assistant Thomas A. Watson who was in the room next to him. 

Economic Fact

As of January 1st, 2019, the minimum wage in Massachusetts is 12$ per hour.

4. New Hampshire

View of the New Hampshire State House from the outside

Landmark

Franconia Notch State Park can be found in the center of White Mountain National Forest. Franconia Notch is a beautiful-looking mountain pass, and it has an interesting parkway that leads from the Flume Gorge at its southern end to Echo Lake at its northern end.

Historical Fact

New Hampshire was one of the 13 British colonies in America. It was also the first one to declare independence. 

Economic Fact

New Hampshire’s GDP is approximately 81 billion dollars.

📚 Read Next: What states are a part of New England?

5. New Jersey

View of the colorful rides in Steel Pier Atlantic City

Landmark

Ellis Island was a key point for accepting immigrants for about 60 years, and from 1892 to 1954 it recognized the immigration policy and welcomed many people.

Historical Fact

In New Jersey, Thomas Eddison invented the electric lightbulb in 1878 

Economic Fact

Not only is New Jersey a center of industry, transportation, and tourism, New Jersey is one of the leading U.S. in agricultural income per acre.

6. New York

View of the Statute of Liberty over Hudson River

Landmark

The Statue of Liberty is officially known as Livery Enlightening the World, and it was a gift from the French to the Americans in 1884. It’s currently an iconic feature of the harbor of New York’s capital, New York City.

Historical Fact

When first settled, New York was actually Dutch, and it was called New Amsterdam but was then conquered by the British and renamed New York in honor of The Duke of York back in England.

Economic Fact

Canada is an important economic partner of New York. 

7. Pennsylvania

The Philadelphia Museum of Art at night

Landmark

Every year, the Philadelphia Museum of Art welcomes about 800,000 visitors, and its website gets approximately 10 million visits.

Historical Fact

Pennsylvania was one of the original 13 British colonies in America, it was also the place where the two Continental Congresses of 1774 and 1775 were held, as well as being the site of the Battle of Gettysburg. 

Economic Fact

Agriculture has been a major industry in Pennsylvania since it was established in 1682.  

8. Rhode Island

View of the Castle Hill Lighthouse and the colorful sky during sunset

Landmark

The eastern side of the Mohegan Bluffs, the Old Harbor, was established in 1873 after a breakwater was built there, and the western side, the New Harbor, was established in 1896 when a channel was built between Block Island and Great Salt Pond.

Historical Fact

When Rhode island was first discovered by the Dutch. The Dutch explorer, Adrian Block, called it “Roodt Eylandt,” which means ‘red island.’ This was in reference to the reddish clay that lined the shore.

Economic Fact

The median income in Rhode Island is $34,511.

Trivia Time: How many 2 letter state abbreviations can you name?

9. Vermont

View of the Mount Mansfield during autumn season

Landmark

Mount Mansfield is actually a collection of mountain tops that resemble a face, with its highest point being the chin.

Historical Fact

Before being incorporated as the 14th state in the U.S., Vermont was an unrecognized, independent nation.

Economic Fact

Vermont’s economy ranks 5th highest in the U.S., which is quite incredible considering it has such a tiny population.

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That’s it to this guide to the 9 US states that make up the Northeast region. We hope you learned something about the Northeast!

Trivia Time: What states border along the Pacific Ocean? We bet you can’t name all the Pacific Ocean states!